News dalla rete ITA

11 Febbraio 2019

Mozambico

MOZAMBIQUE’S PRODUCTION OF CASHEW NEARS THE RECORD OF THE 1970S

Before the 1970s, the cashew nut was one of Mozambique’s main export products, with production reaching 200,000 tons per year. Pests, diseases and ageing trees led to a decline in production, plunging to 64,000 tonnes in 2012. However, reforms introduced since 2000 are rekindling the crop, which this year is expected to market 140,000 tons. In the colonial period, cashew nuts were one of the main export bases, with the north of the country playing an especially important role. At the start of the 1970s, Mozambique was on a par with behemoths such as India, reaching record crops of 200,000 tons. Then there was a deep crisis in the sector. Nationalisation led to the closure of many processing plants, and ageing trees meant lower crops, while disease and pests attacked plantations, and the country disappeared off the international map for years. The cashew sector is a value aggregator by definition: it employs a lot of people, and many small and medium producers benefit from the sale of raw nuts and processing. Cashew nuts fetch a good price in the international market. Revitalising the sector was the watchword of Joaquim Chissano’s government, and the first step was to create a specific sector within the then Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (INCAJU) in 1997. Three years later, in 2000, a massive chemical spraying programme was rolled out. But the most important step was the approval by the Council of Ministers of an intense seedling production and distribution replanting programme in 2009. This saw the creation in Nassuruma, Meconta district, Nampula province, of a mammoth cashew tree nursery producing 800,000 trees per year. (ICE MAPUTO)


Fonte notizia: O País